Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Programs

Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Programs

The lack of mental health crisis services across the U.S. has resulted in law enforcement officers serving as first responders to most crises. A Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) program is an innovative, community-based approach to improve the outcomes of these encounters.

In over 2,700 communities nationwide, CIT programs create connections between law enforcement, mental health providers, hospital emergency services and individuals with mental illness and their families. Through collaborative community partnerships and intensive training, CIT improves communication, identifies mental health resources for those in crisis and ensures officer and community safety.

The Benefits of CIT

Not only can CIT programs bring community leaders together, they can also help keep people with mental illness out of jail and in treatment, on the road to recovery. That’s because diversion programs like CIT reduce arrests of people with mental illness while simultaneously increasing the likelihood that individuals will receive mental health services. CIT programs also:

NAMI promotes the expansion of CIT programs nationwide by providing NAMI Affiliates and State Organizations, local law enforcement, mental health providers and other community leaders with information and support about CIT implementation. NAMI also works with local and national leaders to establish standards and promote innovation in CIT.

Become an Advocate

Whether you are a law enforcement officer, mental health professional, elected official or person directly affected by mental illness, you can become an advocate for changing the way your community responds to mental heal crisis. Learn more about bringing CIT to your community or other efforts to improve mental health services. Reach out to your NAMI Affiliate or State Organization to identify these efforts. To keep up to date on national advocacy, join our advocacy list.

Additional Resources

NAMI and our national partners have developed many resources to support local communities to start or enhance their CIT programs:
  • CIT Coordinators Guide: Guidance for CIT coordinators who have invited a peer or family member to share their personal mental health story during a CIT training.
  • CIT for Youth Guide: Tools to help local communities develop CIT programs to respond to youth and young adults who are experiencing a mental health crisis.
  • Key Stakeholders: A resource to help think through the stakeholders that are important to effectively addressing your community's response to mental health crisis.
  • Police Mental Health Collaboration (PMHC) Toolkit: A resource supported by the Bureau of Justice Assistance at the U.S. Department of Justice to provide communities with best practices and other resources for addressing law enforcement's response to mental health crises.
For additional information, visit CIT International, the leading national organization promoting the Memphis Model and other best practices in Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) programs.