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Obesity is a chronic medical disease caused by increased energy intake compared to the amount of energy used by the body. It can occur through enlarged fat cells or an increased number of cells. Studies have shown a 60% obesity rate in patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Weight gain is not only caused by medications, but possibly mental illness itself as well.
Body mass index is commonly used to classify obesity by dividing weight (kg) by height squared (m2).
The measurement around the waist is also an indicator of metabolic syndrome since weight around the stomach is associated with heart and endocrine problems, such as stroke and type 2 diabetes.
©2019 The College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists (CPNP). Elizabeth Taber, PharmD, February 2019
This information is being provided as a community outreach effort of the College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists. This information is for educational and informational purposes only and is not medical advice. This information contains a summary of important points and is not an exhaustive review of information about the topic. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified medical professional with any questions you may have regarding medications or medical conditions. Never delay seeking professional medical advice or disregard medical professional advice as a result of any information provided herein. The College of Psychiatric and Neurologic Pharmacists disclaims any and all liability alleged as a result of the information provided herein. CPNP makes this document available under the Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivatives 4.0 International License. Last Updated: January 2016.
To view the references for this resource, please visit cpnp.org/374420.
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