Use the navigation on the left to browse our library of criminal justice resources by topic. Use categories to filter your results.
Please note that the resources within the Justice Library are not endorsed by NAMI and that the resources listed are not inclusive of all of the resources available on the topic.
Cops, Clinicians, or Both? Collaborative Approaches to Responding to Behavioral Health Emergencies
Publication Date: Aug 01 2020
National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors
How a community responds to Behavioral Health (BH) emergencies is both a public health issue and social justice issue. Individuals in BH crisis often receive inadequate care in emergency departments (EDs), boarding for hours or days waiting for treatment. These individuals account for a quarter of police shootings and over 2 million jail bookings per year. Explicit and implicit bias magnify these problems for people of color. Growing bipartisan support for reform provides an unprecedented opportunity for meaningful change, but solutions to this complex issue will require comprehensive systemic approaches. As communities grapple with BH emergencies, the question isn’t whether law enforcement (LE) should respond to BH emergencies, but rather when, how, and with what support. This policy paper reviews best practices for law enforcement (LE) crisis response, outlines the components of a comprehensive continuum of crisis care that provides alternatives to LE involvement and ED utilization, and provides strategies for collaboration and alignment towards common goals. Finally, policy considerations regarding legal statutes, financing, data management, and stakeholder engagement are presented in order to assist communities interested in taking steps to build these needed solutions.
National Guidelines for Behavioral Health Crisis Care Best Practice Toolkit
Publication Date: Feb 24 2020
The National Guidelines for Crisis Care – A Best Practice Toolkit advances national guidelines in crisis care within a toolkit that supports program design, development, implementation and continuous quality improvement efforts. Itis intended to help mental health authorities, agency administrators, service providers, state and local leaders think through and develop the structure of crisis systems that meet community needs. This toolkit includes distinct sections for:
1. Defining national guidelines in crisis care;
2. Tips for implementing care that aligns with national guidelines; and
3. Tools to evaluate alignment of systems to national guidelines.
How Have States Addressed Behavioral Health Needs through the Justice Reinvestment Initiative?
Publication Date: Jan 31 2020
People with behavioral health disorders are overrepresented in the criminal justice system, which is often ill-equipped to meet their needs. In this brief, we highlight strategies states engaged in the Justice Reinvestment Initiative have used to better respond to people with behavioral health disorders, including improving identification of people with these disorders, enhancing diversion mechanisms, expanding treatment, and improving supervision practices.
Effectiveness of Police Crisis Intervention Training Programs
Publication Date: Sep 24 2019
Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online
This article describes the CIT model and reviews several recent systematic analyses of studies concerning the effects of CIT. Studies generally support that CIT has beneficial officer-level outcomes, such as officer satisfaction and self-perception of a reduction in use of force. CIT also likely leads to prebooking diversion from jails to psychiatric facilities. There is little evidence in the peer-reviewed literature, however, that shows CIT's benefits on objective measures of arrests, officer injury, citizen injury, or use of force.
Approaches to Early Jail Diversion: Collaborations and Innovations
Publication Date: Jul 01 2019
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
The purpose of this study was fourfold: (1) Better understand state and local pre-booking jail diversion interventions for people with SMI, SUDs, and co-occurring disorders (CODs), (2) Investigate and contribute to the knowledge base on Intercept 0 of the SIM, (3) Assess how these interventions may inform broader federal policy, including new authorities in the 21st Century Cures Act, Medicaid, and the Administration’s efforts to address the opioid epidemic. (4) Identify potential Intercept 0 and 1 programs for evaluation.